Wajiz Fi Ushul Fiqh: A Summary of Islamic Jurisprudence
Wajiz Fi Ushul Fiqh is a book written by Dr. Wahbah Zuhayli, a prominent Syrian scholar of Islamic law and theology. The book is a concise and comprehensive introduction to the principles and sources of Islamic jurisprudence, also known as usul al-fiqh. The book covers topics such as the definition and objectives of usul al-fiqh, the classification and interpretation of Quranic verses and prophetic traditions, the methods of legal reasoning and analogy, the role of consensus and juristic preference, and the types and categories of legal rulings.
The book is based on the Quran, the Sunnah, and the views of the four major schools of Sunni jurisprudence: Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i, and Hanbali. The book also presents some opinions of other schools and sects, such as Shia, Zaydi, Ibadi, Khawarij, Mu'tazila, Ash'ari, Maturidi, and Sufi. The book aims to provide a balanced and objective overview of the various aspects and dimensions of Islamic jurisprudence, without favoring or rejecting any particular school or opinion.
Wajiz Fi Ushul Fiqh is a valuable resource for students and scholars of Islamic studies, as well as for anyone who wants to learn more about the foundations and applications of Islamic law. The book is available in Arabic and has been translated into several languages, including English, Indonesian, Malay, Urdu, Turkish, and Persian. The book can be downloaded as a PDF file from various online sources[^1^] [^2^] [^3^], or purchased as a print book from some publishers.
One of the main objectives of usul al-fiqh is to enable Muslims to understand and apply the Sharia, the divine law revealed by Allah to His Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him). The Sharia is derived from two primary sources: the Quran, the word of Allah, and the Sunnah, the sayings and actions of the Prophet (peace be upon him). However, these sources are not always clear or explicit about every issue or situation that may arise in different times and places. Therefore, usul al-fiqh provides the tools and guidelines for interpreting and extrapolating the general principles and rulings from the specific texts and examples.
Usul al-fiqh is not a static or rigid discipline, but rather a dynamic and flexible one that adapts to the changing circumstances and needs of the Muslim community. Usul al-fiqh allows for diversity and plurality of opinions among the jurists who exercise ijtihad, the independent reasoning based on the Quran and Sunnah. Ijtihad is a noble and honorable endeavor that requires a high level of knowledge, sincerity, and piety. Ijtihad is also a collective responsibility that involves consultation and cooperation among the scholars and experts of various fields and disciplines.
Usul al-fiqh is a rich and vast subject that has been studied and developed by many scholars throughout Islamic history. There are numerous books and treatises that deal with various aspects and topics of usul al-fiqh, such as its history, sources, principles, methods, terminology, classifications, and applications. Some of these books are classical works that have been widely accepted and taught in Islamic institutions, such as al-Risala by Imam al-Shafi'i, al-Mustasfa by Imam al-Ghazali, al-Burhan by Imam al-Juwayni, and Umdat al-Usul by Imam Ibn al-Hajib. Some of these books are modern works that have addressed contemporary issues and challenges, such as Usul al-Fiqh: Methodology of Islamic Jurisprudence by Dr. Hashim Kamali[^1^]. 061ffe29dd